Children are more vulnerable to cell phone radiatio n as they:
- Absorb more energy than adults from the same phone owing to their smaller head and brain size, thinner cranial bones and skin, thinner, more elastic ears, lower blood cell volume, as well as greater conductivity of nerve cells and the energy penetrates more deeply. Tumors in the mid brain are more deadly than in the temporal lobe,
- Children’s cells reproduce more quickly than adults which makes cancers more deadly,
- There immune system is not as well developed as adu lts hence are less effective against fighting cancer growth,
- Children have longer life time exposure.
Absorption of electromagnetic radiation from a cell phone (Frequency – GSM 900 MHz) is shown in Fig. 5 by an adult, 10 year old and a 5 ye ar old child. When radiation hits the head, it penetrates the skull. The yellow area at the bottom is the location of the cell phone by the ear. The radiation penetrates the skull of an adult (25% ), 10 year old (50%) and a 5 year old (75%). The younger the child, the deeper is the penetratio n due to the fact that their skulls are thinner and still developing. For these reasons it is criti cal that children under the age of 16 use cell phones only for short essential calls as they have much bigger danger of getting a brain tumor. Brain tumors have now taken over leukemia as the bi ggest cause of death amongst children. Due to these reasons countries like Belgium, France, Fi nland, Germany, Russia and Israel have publicly discouraged use of cell phones by children . An Independent research in Sweden last year concluded there was an astonishing 420 percent increased chance of getting brain cancer for cell phone users who were teenagers or younger when they first started using their phones. A pregnant woman and the fetus both are vulnerable because of the fact that these RF radiations continuously react with the developing embryo and i ncreasing cells. Microwave radiation can damage the placental barrier; the membrane which pr events the passage of some materials between the maternal and fetal blood, protecting th e fetus, implying that pregnant woman should avoid cell phone or use during emergency. In a recent finding, an association was found betwe en a mother’s cell phone use during pregnancy and greater likelihood for spontaneous abortion, congenital malformations and behavioral problems in their children. It is believ ed that the eggs, which form the embryo, are affected and the damage will become apparent after the child reaches puberty . The Russian National Committee on Non-Ionizing Radi ation Protection says that use of the phones by both pregnant women and children should b e “limited”. It concludes that children who talk on the handsets are likely to suffer from “dis ruption of memory, decline of attention, diminishing learning and cognitive abilities, incre ased irritability” in the short term, and that long-term hazards include “depressive syndrome” and “degeneration of the nervous structures of the brain”.